BECCAFUMI, Domenico

(c. 1486-1551)
Domenico Beccafumi had a significant role in the development of the Man­nerist style in sixteenth-century painting in central Italy. Noted as a painter in Siena in 1507, Beccafumi probably studied painting in a mediocre workshop there. Around 1510-12 Beccafumi went to Rome for the first time. The impact of his Roman experience was immediate and long-lasting, with references to the art of Raphael,* Michelangelo,* Baldassare Peruzzi,* and antique Rome visible in his art. Beccafumi was also heavily influenced by the Florentine artist Fra Bartolomeo, as seen in his painting of the Stigmatization of Saint Catherine (c. 1515, Siena, Pinacoteca). In 1519 Beccafumi began creating a series of designs for the pavement of the cathedral of Siena. A probable second trip to Rome updated Beccafumi on the latest innovations there, as evidenced in his St. Mi­chael Evicting the Rebel Angels (c. 1524, Siena, Pinacoteca), which shows the influence of Michelangelo's Last Judgment. At the same time, Beccafumi bal­anced the Roman influence with his own personal style consisting of liquid and loose brushstrokes, vivid colors, contrasts of light and shadow, elongated figures, and an evanescent elegance.
Testifying to his growing reputation, in 1529 the Sienese government com­missioned Beccafumi to provide some decorations for the communal palace and entrusted him with the organization of the festive decorations for the entrance of Emperor Charles V,* and Andrea Doria invited Beccafumi to Genoa to par­ticipate in the decoration of his palace. As a mature artist in the 1530s, Beccafumi felt free to experiment, and the fantastic element may be seen as overtaking reality in his art as he adopted an irrational system of lighting with sudden bursts of light, exaggerated contrasts, and transparent color. This un­realistic use of light combined with Beccafumi's fluid and loose painting manner and unique mixture of Roman classical learning and anticlassical experimenta­tion gave his art an impalpable and elusive quality, making him a highly original painter.
Bibliography
Domenico Beccafumi e il suo tempo, exhibition catalog, 1990.
Mary Pixley

Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary. . 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Beccafumi, Domenico — orig. Domenico di Giacomo di Pace known as Mecherino born с 1484, Cortina, Republic of Venice died May 1551, Siena, Republic of Siena Italian painter and sculptor active in Siena. He adopted the name of his patron, Lorenzo Beccafumi. In 1510 he… …   Universalium

  • Beccafumi, Domenico — orig. Domenico di Giacomo di Pace llamado Mecherino ( 1484, Cortina, República de Venecia–may. 1551, Siena, República de Siena). Pintor y escultor italiano activo en Siena. Adoptó el nombre de su mecenas, Lorenzo Beccafumi. En 1510 se trasladó a… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Beccafumi, Domenico — (1485 1551)    Sienese Mannerist painter who began his career by following the Sienese tradition of the late 15th century, a style he abandoned once he was exposed to the art Michelangelo and Raphael had created in Rome. The composition of… …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • BECCAFUMI, DOMENICO —    one of the best painters of the Sienese school, distinguished also as a sculptor and a worker in mosaic (1486 1550) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Beccafumi, Domenico — detto Mecherino …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Beccafumi — (Domenico Giacomo Di Pace Beccafumi), llamado El Mecarino , Il Mecherino o Mecucio . (Monteaperti o Valdibiena, provincia de Siena Italia 1486 Siena,18 de mayo de 1551). Pintor, escultor y versátil grabador italiano destacado representante del… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Beccafumi — Beccafumi,   Domenico, italienischer Maler und Bildhauer, * bei Siena um 1486, ✝ Siena 18. 5. 1551; entwickelte, ausgehend von Sodoma und Raffael, eine sensible Formgebung und sublime Farbigkeit, die ihn zu einem Hauptmeister des Manierismus… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Beccafumi — Beccafumi, Domenico, früher Mecarino od. Mecharino, geb. 1484 bei Siena, Sohn eines Töpfers, von einem B. adoptirt; Geschichtsmaler; er st. zu Genua 1549. Werke: Die Gerechtigkeit bei den Römern im Palast Publico u. die Fußbodenbekleidung des… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Beccafumi — Beccafūmi, Domenico, Maler der Sieneser Schule, geb. 1486, gest. 1551; religiöse Bilder, auch Bildhauerarbeiten …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Domenico di Pace Beccafumi — Self portrait, 1525 1530. Domenico di Pace Beccafumi (1486 – May 18, 1551) was an Italian Renaissance Mannerist painter active predominantly in Siena. He is considered one of the last undiluted representatives of the Sienese school of painting …   Wikipedia


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